Indonesia’s Renewable Energy Potential
Indonesia has a large new and renewable energy potential, which includes 450 MW of mini/micro hydro power, 50 GW of Biomass, 4,80 KWh/m2/day solar power, 3-6 M/sec wind power, and 3 GW of nuclear energy. This new new and renewable energy potential is explained by the Director General of Electricity and Energy Conservation at the Focus Group Discussion on the Supply and Demand of New and Renewable Resources held by Pusdatin ESDM.Currently the development of renewable energy is regulated by Presidential Decree No.5 / 2006 regarding the national energy policy. This decree states that the contribution of new and renewable energy in the 2025 national primary energy mix is estimated at 17%, consisting of 5% biofuel, 5% geothermal power, biomass, nuclear, hydro, and wind, and also liquefied coal at 2%. The government will take measures to to add the capacity of Micro Hydro power plants to 2,846 MW by 2025, Biomass of 180 MW by 2020, wind power (Bayu power plant) of 0,97 GW by 2025, solar of 0,87 GW by 2024, and nuclear power of 4,2 GW by 2024. The total investment needed for this development of new and renewable energy sources up to the year 2025 is projected at US$ 13,197 million.The steps needed for biomass development involves waste recycling from the farming and forestry industry as a source of energy which is integrated with its respective industry, integrating biomass development with the local economic development, boost the fabrication of biomass energy convertion technology including its supporting sectors, and increasing research and development of waste recycling, including city waste, for energy.Efforts to develop wind energy includes its development for both electricity and non-electricity usage (as a pump for irrigation and clean water), development of small scale (10 KW) and middle scale (50-100 MW) wind energy technology and supporting factories to mass produce small and middle scale SKEADevelopment of solar energy includes the use of solar powered power plants in the rural and city areas, supporting the commercialization of solar powered power plants by maximizing the private sector role, development of domestic solar powered power plants industry, and the creation of an efficient funding system through the involvement of the banking sector.To develop nuclear energy, the government needs to take socialization measures to gain the support of the public and coordinate with several countries to master its technology.
In developing microhydro, the government needs to integrate the microhydro powered power plants with the local economy, maximizing the irrigation potential for the power plant and developing the domestic microhydro industry, and developing several partnership and funding patterns.
To support the development of new and renewable energy, the government has issued several rules and regulations, consisting of Presidential Decree No. 5 / 2006, on the National Energy Policy, Law No. 30 / 2007 on Energy, Law No. 15/1985 on electricity, Government Regulation No. 10 / 1989 which is renewed by Government Regulation No. 03 / 2005 and No.26 / 2006 regarding the supply and usage of electricity, Ministerial Regulation No. 002 / 2006 on the commercialization of middle scale renewable energy power plants, and Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Decree No.1122k/30/MEM/2002 on the spread of small scale power plants. Currently the government is composing a law on new and renewable energy which includes the supply and usage of new and renewable energy along with its incentives.
source : ESDM